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Engineering Of Poly-A Tail For The Improvement Of Stability Of mRNA

Engineering Of Poly-A Tail For The Improvement Of Stability Of mRNA

Seattle Genova's BioActiveTM platform is the world's biggest facility for biomedical research. We are dedicated to understanding how and why genetics, a discipline that is quickly developing, is altering the way we think about human health and paving the way for developments that will benefit all of humanity. Our extensive experience in engineering of poly-A tail to improve the efficacy and stability for various biological study kinds. We are providing partners with complete tools so they may find, develop, and commercialize immunotherapy from concept to market, all for the benefit of customers around the world.


To boost the stability of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule, the poly-A tail, which is a lengthy chain of adenine nucleotides, is appended to the molecule. In a eukaryotic cell, the new RNA molecule goes through a series of alterations known as RNA processing right away after a gene is translated.


The RNA molecule is made more stable and is shielded from degradation by the poly-A tail. The mature messenger RNA molecule can also be exported from the nucleus and translated into a protein by ribosomes in the cytoplasm due to the poly-A tail.


An RNA is given a poly(A) tail after transcription through nuclear polyadenylation. The poly (A) tail on mRNAs aids in translation, the export of the mRNA from the nucleus, and the protection of the mRNA molecule against enzymatic destruction in the cytoplasm.


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Process of adenylation: 


 When numerous proteins, enzymes, and sequence components function, post-transcriptional poly-adenylation can begin.


 Adenylation starts when several proteins, including CPSF, SctF, PAP, PABII, CFI, and CFII, begin the catalytic activity. The CPSF severing the 3' end here to adenylate.

 All these activities start at the terminal of the transcription when the mRNA or more precisely say, pre-mRNA forms. 

 After that, the Poly-A polymerase came into action to start the polyadenylation process. 

 Adenosine chain formation is controlled by the mRNA's PAS sequences, which are composed of the AAUAAA and GU-rich sequences.

 After the 3' end, the polymerase adds 100 to 250 adenine (adenosine monophosphate) and subtracts the pyrophosphate. It should be noted that microRNAs also undergo Poly A tailing.


In prokaryotes, poly-A tailing causes mRNA to degrade to control gene expression.

Normal poly-A tail addition ranges are between 100 and 150 adenosine, however! Interesting research has found that genes of various lengths have varying poly-A tails. 


Additionally, the length of the poly-A tail differs among various organisms. For instance, the poly-A tail of humans and other closely related eukaryotes is longer, measuring 100 to 150 nucleotides, whereas the poly-A tail of yeast is shorter, reaching up to 33 adenosines.


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Functions of poly-A tail

 To preserve mature mRNA from degradation and promote translation, the poly-A tail must be successfully produced, and if adenylation is not completed, the mRNA cannot produce proteins.

 It aids in the messenger RNA's (mRNA) stability and guards against mRNA degradation by cytoplasmic enzymes.

 Transporting the mRNA to the cytoplasm in a protected manner is the primary purpose of tailing, which is accomplished by inserting adenosines at the 3' end of the mRNA. And to add to that, the tailing process controls gene expression.


Features of Our Services

 Fast delivery

 Flexible modification approaches available

 Professional scientists and technicians with extensive experience

 Comprehensive understanding of engineering of poly-A tail.

 Quick completion of any project.

 Good quality, yields, concentrations, and purity.

 Client satisfaction

 Confirmation of the accuracy

 A more reasonable cost


Deliverables

 The modified poly-A tail is also shipped to our customers for them to test internally.

 The customer is sent the entire samples in some phases.


Contact Us Now!

Seattle Genova and the entire knowledgeable staff are available to assist you. Please don't hesitate to get in touch with us if you find that our services meet your needs.


Email:  info@seattle-genova.com.

Tel: (425) 247-3088



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